Alert on purchasing sperm on the internet: experts warn of its increase and the risks of infections

On the Internet you can find good offers and opportunities for clothing, toys or decoration. But also on the Internet, the possibility is within reach of accessing dark markets, even prohibited and dangerous for health. This is the case of an alert that experts are now launching. This involves the sale and purchase of sperm, without health checks and without protocols. A true atrocity but one that occurs in the Community.

It is a practice prohibited by law in Spain and the absence of medical control in centers approved by Health can have consequences for the mother, the fetus or the future baby. There is also a risk of contracting sexually transmitted infection (STI) and congenital diseases due to this dangerous practice of purchasing sperm from strangers online.

Experts warn that there are more and more ads posted on the Internet by people offering to sell their sperm to women who want to become mothers and, in turn, by women who contact them to make the purchase . “Generally, when we talk about donors, we are directly interested in the physical characteristics of the individual, but we forget the clinics, which are much more important than the appearance of the future baby,” comments Dr. Antonio Requena, medical director general of IV.

In addition, at the genetic level, the baby could be born with hereditary diseases or even malformations. And since there is no traceability, there can be cases like that of a Dutch donor who sold sperm samples to 500 women, without any control over the number of newborns in an area where found this donor. Being an illegal market, this process is not covered by the anonymity guaranteed by the assisted reproduction law, so anyone who illegally donates sperm may incur filial responsibilities in the future.

Low pregnancy rates

“Sexually transmitted infections, an increased risk of abortion due to poor sperm quality or, even worse, the baby inheriting congenital or communicable diseases can be some of the unwanted surprises resulting from these processes,” says Dr. Requena. In addition, this illegal process also results in low rates of pregnancy through insemination and, with this method, it often leads, according to experts, to frustration and abandonment by the woman from any type of treatment, thus preventing pregnancy desired.

In fertility centers, in addition to carrying out a medical study of the donor to exclude possible hereditary family diseases, a karyotype study is carried out to detect chromosomal alterations that could cause abortion; Studies on sexually transmitted diseases are carried out to avoid a potential risk of infection for the woman who will be inseminated, as well as a genetic study in which it is excluded that the donor is a carrier of a group of genetic diseases having an impact important in our country.

Being an anonymous and unknown person, he logically does not have documentation proving that his sperm is free from potential disease problems. The lack of authenticity or real age of the tests that many donors provide as a guarantee of a supposed good state of health or seminal quality is also in question, since these are not results communicated directly to the patient. by a health professional, but rather through a third party without references contacted on the Internet.

In recent years, and although the Spanish Fertility Society has already warned of its dangers, the number of people who risk obtaining a sample illegally and then inseminating themselves or with the help of a close has increased. They do it at home with kits purchased in pharmacies, without any health checks. Hygienic and sanitary conditions which have nothing to do with insemination carried out in sterile medical facilities and which minimize the risks of infection and possible complications.

In Spain it is not allowed to choose a donor and must always be anonymous by law. “It should be remembered that these practices are not covered by the law on assisted procreation. This means that anyone who illegally donates sperm may face liabilities in the future, both voluntarily and involuntarily,” concludes Dr Requena.

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