Explainer: Rules for composting in France from January 1

New rules on the disposal of food and vegetable waste come into force from January 1. We look at the obligations these new rules impose on both local governments and individuals.

Currently, households throw an average of 83 kg of biological waste into the trash every year.

EU law says that by 2025, biological waste should no longer be disposed of in ordinary bins and incinerators.

To bring France into compliance with this law, all households in France must have a way to keep food waste separate from other garbage, and local authorities must provide a method for disposing of this waste.

Homes are expected to have a separate bin for kitchen waste such as crusts, coffee grounds, old bread and food scraps, and green garden waste.

This waste can then be composted, but the rules do not mandate this for individual households.

However, as of January 1, 2024, food and garden waste is expected to be separated from other household waste in all homes and workplaces.

Local authorities will need to offer solutions, either by providing places for people to put them, offering a door-to-door collection service, or using dedicated refuse trucks.

If waste is collected, it will need to go to special treatment plants where the waste can be converted into compost or biogas.

Some local authorities may not accept meat and fish feed waste in composts.

What are the new rules regarding food and garden waste in France?

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Local authorities will need to inform residents about how this waste will be disposed of by January 1.

No sanctions have yet been announced for households that do not comply with the new rules.

Read more:

Most households in France are not ready to sort food waste Coming January 1

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