Javier Milei It’s not a nightmare anymore. Argentina wake up to a reality supported by the strength of votes, of an unexpected amount. He won the elections resoundingly. The arrival of the far right to the Argentine presidency constitutes a historic turning point. Four decades after the reestablishment of Argentine institutions and its promises of reparation, the South American country enters into a political laboratory and social as unpredictable as it is feared.
The failure of politics
“With democracy you eat, you heal and you educate“, had promised Raúl Alfonsin upon his accession to the presidency on December 10, 1983. The redemptive objectives were not achieved. Cycles of hyperinflation, debt, dollar flight, crisis and explosion followed one another in a downward spiral. The social and economic indicators speak for themselves: more than 40% poor and a lack of horizons They have created the conditions for a radical transformation that is devastating the traditional political class. Peronism, in power until December 10, made its contribution. Disputes between President Alberto Fernández and the Vice President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner They led the government into a direction that caused enormous disaffection. The cries of Milei In the rallies, they were heard as those of an indignant man shouting for them. He attacked the “political caste” and he was heard as the avenger of the losers. They overlooked his aversion to social justice and his defense of the law of the jungle, telepathic communication with dogs and his status as a heavenly envoy. And this was rendered possible by the strong discredit of the existing parties. The idea of ”change”, despite all the signs of a leap into the void, was stronger than anchoring oneself in an indigestible present, with food emergency situations in certain regions of a country exporting food products and raw materials. materials par excellence. Person”, which no one took seriously, built, with the invaluable help of the media and social networks, a devastating electoral force. Milei channeled anger and boredom. “Let them all go, don’t let any stay“, his supporters sang on the triumphant night. This slogan came from the 2001 epidemic and was against neoliberal policies. The political meaning was reversed. Not all Milei voters are equally far-right.
The economy, stupid
Argentina experienced inflation of 8.3% in October. The cumulative figure over one year is 142.7%, according to official statistics. Each increase in the cost of living pushed more families into poverty. In a country where central bank As the country does not have sufficient international reserves, the rise in the price of the dollar has caused systematic disruptions to the economy. They have always had a greater impact on those who have less. A year ago, the North American currency cost 318 pesos per unit on the parallel market. Before the elections it reached 1,100 pesos and now it can increase without limit. The government of Alberto Fernández refinanced debt to the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that Macri contracted in 2018 for $45 billion. He did this in exchange for the implementation a severe adjustment that has led to a huge flight of Peronist votes to the right since the 2021 legislative elections. At that time, the electoral defeat of this Sunday was already announced. It was a self-fulfilling prophecy, based on the impact on pockets. In recent years, Argentines have lost almost 40% of the purchasing power of their salaries. Milei’s promise that every resident will become an entrepreneur has had a profound impact on social sectors that lack employment contracts, work unpaid or work sporadically. Before the omens of short-term fortune, there are the numbers. Argentina will have to pay $18 billion a year in the coming years to meet its commitments to its creditors. Public liabilities amount to 419.291 million dollars, with an increase of 12.680 million (3.14%) during the election period. On these ashes of the economy stands the figure of the anarcho-capitalist as if he were the last messiah to believe in. In the slums of the city of Buenos Aires, the novelty of the ballot box was celebrated.
The Macri factor
Sergio Massa had bet on the electoral miracle. He did not succeed because the economy is in permanent ruin and, on the other hand, because the traditional right, relegated to the first round, was in turn decisive in this struggle. He managed to transfer all his votes in favor of the qualified candidate Patricia Bullrich, its standard-bearer, as a terrorist and child murderer. But the shared fear of peronism This outweighed the bitterness and cross-legal conflicts. The ex-president Mauricio Macri He was the secret manager of this alliance and this Sunday becomes the second architect of the feat. Something more than the articulator of these supports after the first turn, which had been unfavorable to Milei. Macri succeeded in energizing the deeply anti-Peronist vote. He also enjoyed the support of a significant sector of the business world. The poor join them to form a new political bloc which can be lasting or ephemeral. Milei has suggested he will not make concessions on his radical agenda. However, Macri is expected to exert strong influence within La Libertad Avanza’s government, placing ministers in the far-right cabinet and drawing up a road map in Congress. The traditional right will have 94 deputies. If all 38 LLA lawmakers join, they will have their own quorum. In the Senate, he will be forced to further negotiations.
The victory of negationism
In 40 years, Argentina seems to have forged a consensus on the horror of the last military dictatorship (1976-83). These agreements, symbolized by literature, cinema and music, have just been called into question. December 10,
She will become the first vice president-elect known for her denial of human rights violations as mere excesses in the counterinsurgency fight. The lawyer did not miss the opportunity to remember this after exercising her right to vote. “It is inappropriate to paint posters in a kindergarten about the missing 30,000 and Never Again. It’s like going to a cemetery and painting Barney Bear,” said this daughter of an army officer who participated in the repression of the 70s and he refused to swear by the Magna Carta while Alfonsín governed. Villarruel managed to once again install the theory of the “two demons” which in 1984 assimilated the responsibilities of the State and the insurgent groups dismantled and politically defeated before the coup d’état which overthrew Isabel Perón on March 24, 1976 .”With skill and impeccable speech, The lawyer from a military family shifted the focus of the discussion and rose as the voice of the other victims, those who died in attacks by guerrilla organizations. It thus opens the game by mixing concepts, putting on an equal footing the victims of attacks and the victims of state terrorism under the civil-military dictatorship (including the appropriation of children and grandchildren), crimes which will then be considered against humanity and are therefore imprescriptible,” the newspaper said Profile. Villarruel’s approach would have fallen into a void without the underlying reasons which made it possible to shift the axis of discussions in this country: poverty and disenchantment. The vice-president-elect will manage the areas of Defense and Security. He succeeded in arousing the enthusiasm of hundreds of convicted repressors, awaiting amnesty and who have a personal political project.
The arrival of the far right to the presidency, several analysts point out, cannot be dissociated from a global context. This was immediately understood by Presidents Gustavo Petro and Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva of Colombia and Brazil. In Argentina, the issue was much more than replacing the president. The purest conservative spectrum knew this too. Tucker Carlson, the apologist for Donald Trump, and especially for Elon Musk, In this sense, they understood the importance of the Milei phenomenon and did not hesitate to give it their blessing. The Latin American right-wing bloc and Spain did the same, in two directions. On the one hand, former presidents, including Mariano Rajoy and José María Aznar. But it is Vox, which has La Libertad Avanza (LLA) as interlocutor in its Madrid Forum, which welcomed Milei’s triumph with the most enthusiasm, confident that the wave he embodies will have an impact beyond from Argentina. “Today, a path of future and hope opens for Argentines and for all of Latin America, which we celebrate in Spain with particular joy. Long live Spain, long live Argentina, live free of socialism and sovereign!” Santiago Abascal. In Chile, on the other side of the Andes, Milei’s ideological friends have drafted a Constitution in his image and likeness and intend to win the 2025 elections. The triumph of the capitalist anarcho was felt as a pushed towards the Palais de la Monnaie. .