Federal Interior Minister Nancy Faeser (SPD) signed a joint agreement on migration with her Georgian counterpart Gomelauri on Wednesday. “With this agreement, we will further strengthen the already good cooperation in the repatriation of people forced to leave the country,” explained Faeser before the trip to Tbilisi, the Georgian capital. “This is a new step towards effectively limiting irregular migration. »
From the point of view of the Federal Ministry of the Interior, there is a great need for action. From January to November 2023, 15.6% of initial asylum applications rejected in Germany came from Georgia and Moldova. Across the country, there were 8,993 asylum applications from people from the Caucasus Republic. Of these, 0.3 percent were recognized.
Discussions are currently underway with the Republic of Moldova to initiate a corresponding agreement. The German Bundestag and the Bundesrat recently decided to classify Georgia and the Republic of Moldova as safe countries of origin.
Allow the immigration of skilled workers
“With the migration agreements, we organize and control migration,” says Faeser. “We are allowing the immigration of skilled workers, who are urgently needed in many sectors. At the same time, we are concluding a binding agreement that people without the right to stay in Germany will return.
The agreement on migration also creates opportunities for seasonal workers. Employment opportunities in the German labor market are specifically expanded in order to promote the exit of Georgian nationals from precarious employment relationships in third countries.
The agreement will also strengthen cooperation in the field of training specialists in educational exchanges, according to the Federal Ministry of the Interior. Germany and Georgia commit to strengthening cross-border cooperation through the exchange of students, trainees and researchers under existing programs.
Eye level cooperation
Dirk Wiese, vice-chairman of the SPD parliamentary group, welcomes the migration agreement with Georgia. “This is an example of how successful diplomacy and cooperation on an equal footing can limit irregular migration,” Wiese said.
The agreement not only supports the recovery of rejected asylum seekers. It also simplifies exchanges of students, trainees and researchers. “This is exactly the type of migration agreement we are looking at,” Wiese said. “We need more of this.”
There is also approval from the Länder. “In addition to return agreements, migration agreements also contain incentives for legal immigration and are therefore more widely accepted in countries of origin than pure readmission agreements,” said a spokesperson for the internal administration of Berlin.
As of October 31, 1,559 Georgian citizens of the state of Berlin were “forced to leave the country,” according to the authorities. Among them, 901 people are currently tolerated. “Georgia is one of the particularly important countries of origin for Berlin.”
Other agreements are in preparation
The federal government is also currently negotiating agreements on migration with Kenya, Colombia, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Morocco. As part of the paradigm shift agreed in the coalition agreement to reduce irregular migration and strengthen legal immigration, she sees this as a building block for comprehensive, long-term cooperation with countries of origin .