Even though it seems incredible The Internet is full of advertisements for men selling their sperm. to women who wish to become mothers. It’s quite a practice common in chats, social networks or classified ad portalsto reach motherhood more quickly.
But the dangers for health of this type of sales are important since the procedure lacks any type of health control.
And, as he comments Dr Antonio Requenageneral medical director of the IVI:
- This kind of advertisements generally refer to the physical characteristics of the donor (blonde, dark skin, tall, eyes of a certain color) but they forget to highlight the clinical characteristics “Much more important than the appearance of the future baby.”
A dangerous practice
In recent years, and although the Spanish Fertility Society has warned of its dangers, The number of people who risk obtaining a sample illegally and subsequently inseminating themselves has increased. or with the help of a loved one.
This self-insemination is done at homeusing some kits purchased in pharmacies and without any type of health control. That is to say a procedure in which the minimum hygienic and sanitary conditions are not metwith what that implies.
That’s it for the receivers, but Assisted procreation specialists also warn about the quality of donor sperm.
These accompany the proof sample as a guarantee of its good health or sperm quality, proof which is called into question due to its lack of authenticity or real age.
Furthermore, these results are not communicated directly to the patient by a healthcare professional, but rather via an unreferenced third party contacted via the Internet.
This fhigh health controls mean the risks of this home insemination procedure multiply.
And as Dr. Requena warns, “some unwanted surprises may arise as a result of these processes,” such as:
To all these health risks, experts add one more. And because of the low pregnancy rates by insemination carried out with this methodcauses frustration in women, leading them to give up seeking other types of treatments that could cause them to become pregnant.
What should assisted reproduction look like?
To have a greater chance of getting pregnant and above all without risk to the health of the mother and baby, Clinics specializing in artificial insemination apply a series of safety standards.
- Make a medical study of the donor to exclude possible hereditary family diseases
- They make a study of your karyotype to detect chromosomal alterations this could cause an abortion
- Become true studies on sexually transmitted diseases to avoid a potential risk of infection for the woman who will be inseminated
- It is also made a genetic study in which it is excluded that the donor is a carrier of a group of genetic diseases which have a significant impact in our country.
- They are also carried outsemiograms to check the quality of the sperm during the period of abstinence (this is important to determine its real quality) and blood test.
- And one genetic test, which detects the presence of genes likely to cause more than 500 communicable diseases», adds the specialist.
Perfect Match 360° System
Furthermore, The choice of donor in the clinic is made in a personalized manner in the case of each woman and always checking the compatibility between donor and patient taking into account ethnic origin, eye and hair color, height and complexion; in addition to compatibility with blood group and Rh.
It is also possible help the baby to look as much like his mother as possible thanks to Perfect Match 360° system, which takes into account phenotypic, genetic and biometric criteria to ensure optimal allocation of the appropriate donor.
This is achieved through a similarity study which uses a 3D facial recognition systemartificial intelligence and big data to determine the degree of similarity between donor and patient.
An illegal practice
In Spain Assisted procreation is perfectly regulated by law. And among other problems, It is not allowed to choose a donor, this must always be anonymous.
As Dr. Requena remembers.
- “It must be remembered that these practices are not covered by the law on assisted procreation. This means that Anyone who illegally donates sperm may face liability in the future.both voluntarily and involuntarily.
But we are not only talking about the anonymity of the donor, but such practices can cause cases like the one recorded in Holland in which a donor sold sperm samples to 500 women. No one can know with certainty how many children a network donor may have produced.