A study of Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal)in collaboration with French centers, emphasizes that eating breakfast and early dinner is associated with a lower risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases.
The research is based on a sample of more than 100,000 participants followed between 2009 and 2022, according to ISGlobal, a center promoted by the “la Caixa” Foundation.
French centers also participated in the study: the agricultural research institute INRAE, the health and medicine institute Inserm and the Sorbonne Paris Nord University.
The results of the study, published in Natural communicationsemphasize the importance of the timing and rhythm of daily meals to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The researchers observed that postpone the first meal of the dayespecially if breakfast is skipped, is linked to a 6% increase in cardiovascular risk for each hour of delay.
Eating dinner late, after 9:00 p.m., is associated with a 28% increased risk of cerebrovascular diseases (such as stroke) compared to those who dine before 8:00 p.m., particularly among women.
Additionally, a longer nighttime fast between the last meal of the day and the first meal of the next day is associated with a lower risk of cerebrovascular disease.
Thus, eating the first and last meals of the day earlier with a longer nighttime fasting period could help prevent the risk of cardiovascular disease.
The research team used data from 103,389 participants in the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (79% of whom were women, average age 42 years) to study the associations between dietary habits and cardiovascular disease.
Yes OK These results must be corroborated In other cohorts and with additional studies, they already highlight the potential that the adoption of certain dietary habits could have to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.
According to the Global Burden of Disease study, cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, with 18.6 million deaths per year in 2019, of which approximately 7.9% are attributable to diet.
Thus, eating well and at certain times plays a fundamental role in the development and progression of these diseases, at a time when the lifestyle of Western societies has given rise to habits such as dining late or skipping breakfast.